VANADIUM, V (23)

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ATOMIC ARCHITECTURE

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Vanadium from Vanadinite
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Vanadium

V (23)

vəˈneɪdiəm

PHONETICS

Vanadium is harder than most metals and steels, has good resistance to corrosion and it is stable against alkalis, sulfuric and hydrochloric acids. Oxidized in the air at about 933 K (660 °C, 1220 °F), yet an oxide layer forms even at room temperature.

ELEMENT BRIEF

1801 by Andres Manuel del Rio, Mexico and Nils Sefström, Sweden.

DISCOVERY

Scandinavian, Vanadis, is the goddess of beauty in Scandinavian mythology + -ium.

ETYMOLOGY

Vanadium

ELEMENT

V

SYMBOL

23

ATOMIC NUMBER

7440-62-2

CAS NUMBER

element

ELEMENTAL SPECTRUM


Silver

ELEMENTAL COLOUR


-

REFRACTIVE INDEX


0.370

POISSON RATIO


8.337 cm³

MOLAR VOLUME


628.00M Pa, 6.197'9k Atm

BRINELL HARDNESS


7.00

MOHS HARDNESS


628.00M Pa, 6.197'9k Atm

VICKERS HARDNESS


4,560 m/s, Mach 13.294'5

SPEED OF SOUND


160.00G Pa, 1.579'1M Atm

BULK MODULUS


47.00G Pa, 463.853'9k Atm

SHEAR MODULUS


128.00G Pa, 1.263'3M Atm

YOUNG MODULUS


ALLOTROPES

NONE

2,183.15 K, 1,910.00 °C

MELTING POINT


3,680.15 K, 3,407.00 °C

BOILING POINT


-

AUTOMATIC IGNITION


-

FLASHPOINT


-

CRITICAL TEMPERATURE


-

CRITICAL PRESSURE


31.000'000 W/(m K)

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY


0.000'008'4 K¯¹

THERMAL EXPANSION


489.00 J/(kg K)

SPECIFIC HEAT


22.800 kJ/mol

HEAT FUSION


453.000 kJ/mol

HEAT VAPORISATION


-

HEAT COMBUSTION


-

CURIE POINT


-

NEEL POINT


-

ADIABATIC INDEX


Solid

PHASE


Conductor

ELECTRICAL TYPE


5.00M S/m

CONDUCTIVITY


200.00n Ω.m

RESISTIVITY


5.400 K

SUPERCONDUCTING POINT


-

MAGNETIC TYPE


0.000'000'062'8

MASS SUSCEPTIBILITY


0.000'000'062'8

MOLAR SUSCEPTIBILITY


0.000'383'700'00

VOLUME SUSCEPTIBILITY


Transition Metal

CLASSIFICATION


50.941'467'5

ATOMIC WEIGHT


171 pm

ATOMIC RADIUS


134 pm

COVALENT RADIUS SINGLE BOND


112 pm

COVALENT RADIUS DOUBLE BOND


106 pm

COVALENT RADIUS TRIPLE BOND


179 pm

VAN DER WAALS RADIUS


[Ar]4s²3d³

ELECTRON CONFIGURATION


Cubic, Body-centred

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE


6.110'00 g/cm³

DENSITY AS SOLID


5.500'00 g/cm³

DENSITY AS LIQUID


-

DENSITY AS GAS


lm_3m

SPACE GROUP NAME


229

SPACE GROUP NUMBER


π/2, π/2 π/2

LATTICE ANGLES


303, 303 303 pm

LATTICE CONSTANTS


5

VALENCE


1.63

ELECTRONEGATIVITY


50.66 kJ/mol

ELECTRON AFFINITY


IONISATION ENERGY

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0.000'1 %

UNIVERSE


0.006'1 %

METEORITES


0.000'04 %

SUN


0.019 %

EARTH CRUST


0.000'000'15 %

OCEANS


0.000'003 %

HUMANS


Stable

HALF LIFE


Stable

LIFETIME


3d³ = 3, 2, 0, +1/2

QUANTUM NUMBERS


5.100'00 b σs

NEUTRON CROSS SECTION


5.080'00 b σa

NEUTRON MASS ABSORPTION


STABLE ISOTOPES

element

UNSTABLE ISOTOPES

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ISOTOPIC CHAIN


CENTRALDATACORE

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